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New magnesium alloy: World's strongest and lightest metal

Albanian Minerals President and CEO Sahit Muja said, "If You are an investor looking for the "Next Big Thing", Magnesium appear to be one of the biggest investment opportunity of this century. Worlds largest companies are using magnesium alloy" .Sahit Muja added that; Creating a material that's both strong and lightweight is the ultimate goal for many manufacturers. Recently, magnesium alloys have gained huge attention for being some of the world's lightest structural materials. 

Apple currently uses a Magnesium frame in their iBook laptop. Dell notebook 14 Rugged Extreme will be your saving grace. This mini tank sports a military-tough design, complete with a magnesium alloy chassis and the ability to shrug off water, sand and dust. 

Microsoft has designed the Pro 3 as a 2-in-1 hybrid device so it’s the bigger device on test. The Surface Pro 3 has a unique kickstand built into its chassis so it can be propped up on tables or even on your lap. 

The Pro 3 is made from a premium Magnesium-alloy material and this houses a sublime 12in display (2,160 x 1,440) with a density of 216 pixels-per-inch (ppi). This makes it ideal for a wide variety of tasks from detailed productivity work to watching multimedia. 

Lenovo has made some bold moves in recent years, but a strategic partnership with Japanese manufacturer NEC may be one of the most stunning, bringing U.S. markets the lightest laptop PCs money can buy. 

The new Lenovo LaVie laptops bring NEC's super-light laptop designs to U.S. shores under the Lenovo name, and will be sold this May 

The lightness is due to three primary factors, namely the use of a super-light magnesium-lithium alloy throughout the chassis, innovative manufacturing processes that remove excess material, and much smaller batteries made possible by the improved energy efficiency of Intel's fifth-generation Core i5 and Core i7 processors. 

Samsung, best known for its smartphones, also makes good cameras. Its latest, the NX1, continues that trend. 

In typical Samsung fashion, the NX1 is packed with features, which include an autofocusing (AF) system with 205 phase-detection AF points, 15 frames per second (fps) continuous shooting speed, 4K (4,096 x 2,160 pixels) and UHD (3,840 x 2,160 pixels) video-recording, built-in Bluetooth, Near Field Communication and Wi-Fi. All this in a dust- and water-resistant magnesium body 

New Magnesium based alloy as World's strongest and lightest metal to change the world. 

Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a material using magnesium which is light like aluminum, but as strong as titanium alloys. This material has the highest strength-to-weight ratio known to mankind. 

German high-tech medical equipment company AAP Implantate is forward-thinking in its approach to medical magnesium alloy technology and its world-class portfolio includes bone cement, bone graft substitutes, antibiotic carriers and implants used for bone fracture healing and joint replacement. 

Michele Manuel, professor of materials science and engineering at the University of Florida has developed a surgical pin made from magnesium and is working to control the rate at which the pin degrades in the body. In laboratory tests, the pin offers several advantages over the plastic and stainless steel or titanium pins currently used. The magnesium pin not only biodegrades but also aids healing. Magnesium builds bone, so it can function both as a pin and as a nutrient. 

The magnesium alloys have received significant attention as potential biomaterials for degradable implants. Chinese magnesium alloy maker DongGuanEontec Co., Ltd announced that its biodegradable magnesium alloy bone fixation screw has received Chinese regulatory inspection approval. 

In order to improve the quality of life for patients by avoiding secondary operations, researchers led by Professor Karl Ulrich Kainer and Professor RegineWillumeit at the Helmholtz-ZentrumGeesthacht are developing new biomaterials that are more durable and resilient and that can be better integrated into the body 

German research team headed by Maximilian Fichtner and Zhirong Zhao-Karger has now presented a new promising electrolyte, which might allow for the development of an entirely new generation of batteries. 

Sahit Muja said, "God has build with magnesium. This marvelous wonder lies at the heart and body of every living thing . Magnesium has build, mountains land and is present into a sea, ocean, lake, and rivers. Magnesium is the next big thing in the 21st century a new great building block of new world". 

The doctors and scientists now believe that most chronic diseases may have the same root cause: inflammation. 

In a breakthrough 2014 study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers concluded that the healthful effect of magnesium intake on chronic diseases. Magnesium’s unique ability to inhibit inflammation and lower CRP levels is a tremendous advance in curbing chronic disease. 

Magnesium is crucial for bone strength and development, and it’s required for over 300 enzymatic reactions, including many of the reactions that generate energy for your cells and control critical neurotransmitters. 
Magnesium has huge potential on building world's most fuel efficient cars and transportation equipments. 

The Korea Institute of Science and Technology have successfully developed and tested the Magnesium-Air battery technology. 
The development phase is already quite advanced as this technology is not only running in the laboratory but already in cars, a vehicle AD Motors Change EV has been equipped with this new battery technology, confirming its potential, and a charging time announced at ten minutes. The KIST promises up to 800km of range - without revealing the capacity in kWh. 

Toyota announced to work on Magnesium-Ion batteries for its vehicles, and it is now a Korean Institute that has developed a Magnesium-air technology that allows energy density 5 times higher than lithium-Ion. 

The 2014 Volkswagen XL1 is currently the most fuel-efficient production car in the world. It had a carbon fiber body, magnesium alloy frame. The magnesium has contributed on building this car, which can do a staggering 313 miles per gallon. 

General Motors (NYSE:GM) and GM China Advanced Technical Centre have begun operating a new magnesium alloy machine for developing next-generation magnesium castings, the company said. 

GM's Vertical Squeeze Casting (VSC) machine, will make it easier to manufacture vehicle parts from magnesium and marks a "breakthrough" in its lightweight materials research, the company said. The machine, designed by GM's lightweight materials research teams in Detroit and Shanghai. 

Currently Albanian Minerals holds the world's largest and richest magnesium ore mines and reserves with over 20 billion tons, estimated worth trillions of dollars as pure magnesium metal. 

The magnesium in Albanian Minerals mine's is finest in the world, with over 54% rich in magnesium content. 

Magnesium is the next big thing in the 21st century. Engineers and scientists are making major discoveries toward lighter cars, trucks, trains, airplanes, home appliances,vessels, computers, sports gears by developing a way to expand the use of magnesium in parts. Using magnesium sheets to make parts is a significant breakthrough. Magnesium is 75 percent lighter than steel , 50% lighter than titanium, and 33 percent lighter than aluminum". 

There is unprecedented interest in magnesium, as sources of sustainable supply for new batteries and significantly lighter alloys. Magnesium will profoundly changed the economic outlook of clean energy sources. Also magnesium can be used to producing hydrogen, wind turbines, robots and capturing carbon dioxide. 

Mr Muja said, "My strategy to explore magnesium opportunity goes back to a vision which took shape 30 years ago in Albania. As Albanian Minerals CEO, I have begin carving out a forward-thinking strategy to secure world's largest and best magnesium reserves and leading edge in magnesium production far into the future". 

Magnesium has low density and high strength, magnesium can form high-strength alloy with, chrome aluminum, copper, manganese, nickel, titanium, zinc and other metals as an important alloying element. Currently, China is a major producer and consumer of magnesium in the world. In 2013, China produced 770,000 tons of primary magnesium which was equivalent to 89% of the world's output. 

There is huge potential to produce Magnesium ore Eco-cements, Magnesium cements absorb CO2 as they set, Magnesium cements can have greater compressive and tensile strength, greater capacity to “breathe” and to bond. Magnesium has the potential to revolutionise the way we capture and convert the CO2 into magnesium carbonate. Scientists has discovered that magnesium bearing minerals has clean the world in beginning from CO2. 

DoronAurbach of Bar Ilan University has new technologies. The most promising one is based on magnesium ion, which supplies more power than lithium-ion batteries (a positive charge of two, rather than one for lithium-ions) and is cheaper to produce. By using nano-materials to tweak individual cells, Mr. Aurbach believes that new batteries could be significantly lighter, and last 100% longer than current ones. 

Japanese scientist Yoshihito Kawamura, a materials science professor at Kumamoto University, and his colleagues have developed two strong, nonflammable magnesium alloys that could be used in aircraft construction. 

ARPA innovative and collaborative government agency that brings together America's best and brightest scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs is supporting magnesium research. 

Magnesium as metal of the future. Magnesium has always been seen as a lightweight wonder metal, new discoverie on top as future metal with trillions of dollar business opportunity. 

Toyota (NYSE:TM) has begun development on magnesium-sulfur batteries for electric cars. The latest batch of plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles to hit the market typically use lithium-ion batteries, similar to those found in laptops. Although more expensive, Li-Ion cells do hold more power than the nickel-metal hydride batteries used in many hybrids, including Toyota’s Prius. 

Scientists in Lyon, a French city famed for its cuisine, have discovered a quick-cook recipe for copious volumes of hydrogen (H2). 
The breakthrough suggests a better way of producing the hydrogen. Nature produces hydrogen through “serpentinization.” When water meets the ubiquitous mineral olivine under pressure, the rock absorbs mostly oxygen (O) atoms from H2O, transforming olivine into another mineral, serpentine. 

In a microscopic high-pressure cooker called a diamond anvil cell combine ingredients: aluminum oxide, water, and the magnesium base mineral olivine. Set at 200 to 300 degrees Celsius and 2 kilobars pressure—comparable to conditions found at twice the depth of the deepest ocean. Cook for 24 hours. And voilà. 

Magnesium, olivine can make a significant contribution in the fight against climate change: Peter Kelemen from the University of Columbia and other Scientists have known for some time that in geological periods immediately following the creation of mountain ranges the level of CO2 in the atmosphere drops significantly. This is because plate tectonics (or continental drift) which creates these mountains does so by pushing hot magma through the crust and exposing it to the atmosphere. 

Magnesium Silicate has an incredible affinity with CO2. It requires heat to kick start the reaction but, after that, it is exothermic and fuels itself. It will keep going until either the Olivine or the CO2 runs out. To give you an idea of how powerful this affinity is, it is estimated that 1 cubic kilometer of olivine is capable of removing an amazing 4 billion tons of CO2. When you consider that CO2 is around 1000 larger in volume than liquid (or solid) CO2 then the volume of gaseous CO2 capable of being held by 1 cubic km of Olivine is quite unbelievable. 

World produces around 30 billion tons of CO2 each year. So if 1 kilometer of magnesium olivine could be encouraged to fully combine with CO2 every 6 or 7 weeks it would completely wipe out man’s entire CO2 production! 

Creating a material that's both strong and lightweight is the ultimate goal for many manufacturers. Recently, magnesium alloys have gained much attention for being the world's lightest structural material. 

The University of Manchester led to development of a new class of high performance, low density magnesium alloys. 
Made today by Magnesium Elektron (ME), the international leader in magnesium alloys, these alloys are today helping aerospace and automotive manufacturers to increase product performance and reduce fuel consumption of aircraft and motor vehicles.New computers and Notebooks features thin and lightweight thanks to a lightweight magnesium chassis. 

Today the new alloys and associated corrosion protection systems are used extensively in helicopter and fixed wing military aircraft, including the Westland Lynx, McDonnell Douglas MD500, F22 Raptor and Apache Mark-3 attack helicopter and the F35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). Replacing aluminium, the alloys give a 35% mass reduction so the aircraft meet critical performance and range targets. 
These aircraft are being manufactured in large numbers; approximately 3,100 F35 JSF aircraft are expected to be in service by 2035. 

The Robotics Revolution indicates that technology could replace workers for 80 percent of current jobs. Robots will soon be everywhere, in our home and at work. They will change the way we live. Made of magnesium alloy Honda built latest robot, Asimo. It chatted in English with US President Barack Obama then ran, jumped and kicked a soccer ball. 

BMW i8 coupe is the first plug-in hybrid vehicle from the German automaker; a revolutionary interpretation of BMW (MILAN:BMW)'s hallmark driving pleasure combined with a groundbreaking premium character and Intelligent lightweight construction with elements include magnesium. 
Samsung (LONDON:0593xq) launch of the revolutionary NX1 camera - combining cutting edge design with highly durable magnesium alloy body. 

Renault SA (PARIS:RENA) car ceiling is made of magnesium and weighs only 4 kilograms and body aerodynamic efficiency has been improved by 30 percent compared to the Clio. 

The Mercedes-AMG GT S used a mix of steel, light alloy and magnesium to the body. 

Silicon Valley venture capital group, Khosla Ventures, is investing in a spin-off company of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, PellionTechnologies, that is in the midst of developing magnesium-ion batteries which some researchers say could potentially replace lithium-ion batteries. Not only is magnesium cheaper than lithium, it also has the potential to have twice the energy density of the lithium-ion batteries that are currently being used in electric cars as well as many electronic devices. 

According to Pellion Technologies, if their research is successful, “this project will develop the first commercial magnesium-ion battery and will establish US technological leadership in this exciting new high energy battery chemistry for electrified vehicle applications.” Hence, the US Department of Energy’s backing of the project through a $3.2 million Advanced Research Projects. 


Silicon Valley venture capital group, Khosla Ventures, is investing in a spin-off company of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, PellionTechnologies, that is in the midst of developing magnesium-ion batteries which some researchers say could potentially replace lithium-ion batteries. Not only is magnesium cheaper than lithium, it also has the potential to have twice the energy density of the lithium-ion batteries that are currently being used in electric cars as well as many electronic devices. 

According to Pellion Technologies, if their research is successful, “this project will develop the first commercial magnesium-ion battery and will establish US technological leadership in this exciting new high energy battery chemistry for electrified vehicle applications.” Hence, the US Department of Energy’s backing of the project through a $3.2 million Advanced Research Projects. 

Silicon Valley venture capital group, Khosla Ventures, is investing in a spin-off company of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, PellionTechnologies, that is in the midst of developing magnesium-ion batteries which some researchers say could potentially replace lithium-ion batteries. Not only is magnesium cheaper than lithium, it also has the potential to have twice the energy density of the lithium-ion batteries that are currently being used in electric cars as well as many electronic devices. 

According to Pellion Technologies, if their research is successful, “this project will develop the first commercial magnesium-ion battery and will establish US technological leadership in this exciting new high energy battery chemistry for electrified vehicle applications.” Hence, the US Department of Energy’s backing of the project through a $3.2 million Advanced Research Projects. 

A Tainan-based National Cheng Kung University (NCKU) research team led by Prof. Fei-Yi Hung, Chun-Shing Lu and Li-Huei Chen from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering working with its instrument center has developed next-generation magnesium batteries that could replace lithium batteries. 
The team has been working on the research of magnesium battery, and has succeeded in overcoming the problems caused by the high activity of magnesium and increasing the stability, Prof. Hung revealed. 

Prof. Hung said, the stability of the magnesium battery prototype has been increased by controlling the reduction-oxidation effects and by the use of magnesium membrane electrodes and magnesium powder electrodes technology".

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